Daily Archives: January 22, 2016

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

What is Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is believed to be an autoimmune disease in which the body’s own immune system attacks the Myelin Sheath and the cells that actually produce Myelin (Oligodendrocytes). The immune system is ordinarily supposed to protect our body from disease but in the case of an autoimmune disease, the body’s immune system attacks itself. The Myelin Sheath is a layer of fat that helps insulate nerve fibers (think of an electrical cord; rubber insulation wrapped around copper wire) allowing electrical signals to travel throughout the central nervous system (CNS) which consists of the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves. This allows us to move our bodies, sense the world around us and even have thoughts. When myelin is damaged these signals cannot travel properly and the body stops working the way it should.